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Grand Rapids in 1856

Scene of early Grand Rapids viewed from the...

Citation Guide


Several styles can be used for citing materials found in electronic resources. The appropriate style guides that you use will depend on the preferences of your teachers and professors, academic disciplines, and the type of publication (e.g., high school report, college research paper, formal publication in a journal or magazine, etc.). Citation styles for the arts and humanities also differ from those used in the sciences. Examples of the most commonly used citation styles are Turabian (promoted by Kate Turabian), APA (the American Psychological Association), and MLA (the Modern Language Association).

Important note to students

This icon, which is found on several pages of our website, indicates directions for using the citation styles mentioned above.

These guidelines are for general use only. Please consult with your teachers and instructors about the citation guidelines that you will need to follow.


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