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Grand Rapids in 1856

Scene of early Grand Rapids viewed from the...

William Haldane's Smooth Plane

William Haldane's Smooth Plane

The plane, sometimes referred to as a smoothing plane, is wooden except for the iron blade, which is held in place by a slanted wedge. The verticle handle at the end indicates this was for use with two hands. It was used for the finest finishing work and typically the last plane used on a wood surface. Haldane's plane was made in Auburn, NY, but the maker's name has been worn away.


Full Details

TitleWilliam Haldane's Smooth Plane

Before sandpaper was in common use, surfaces such as veneers were not rubbed down but "smoothed" with the smooth plane. It was essential to set the iron with extreme precision and to work with the highest degree of skill. Experienced wood workers believe the smooth plane gives a superior finish compared to that made by sandpaper or scrapers.

The number at the far left, 126137, is the Public Museum's accession number.


This image was reproduced with permission from the Grand Rapids Public Museum. Photographs may not be reused without permission and must credit the "Collections of the Grand Rapids Public Museum." For rights and reproduction information contact: Grand Rapids Public Museum, Collections Department, 272 Pearl Street NW, Grand Rapids, MI 49504: Phone 616-929-1809.

InstitutionGrand Rapids Public Museum
Physical Storage LocationGrand Rapids Public Museum Archives

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